How to make pillowcases – Envelope pillow cover – Pillow sham

In this sewing tutorial “How to make pillowcases” I want to show you How to make Envelope Pillow covers with flange, the way they are made in professional workshop.

These pillow covers feature a 2” flange and are finished with a beautiful satin ribbon, which adds a decorative touch to pillows, however the ribbon is optional – you can finish the flange with a decorative stitch or top stitch.

I attached a layer of batting to the front of the pillows to add puffiness to the pillow body and stability to the flange. The pillows are secured with an envelope closure on the back with overlapping flaps of fabric locking the pillow within.

Cutting directions for three pillow sizes, Standard, King and Euro, and step-by-step instructions with close look photos will guide you through the sewing process.


  • Fabric of your choice
  • Batting & Lining – optional
  • Double face satin ribbon, ¼” wide – optional
  • Matching color threads


  • Standard sewing accessories
  • Iron & ironing board
  • Set square & ruler
  • Scissors
  • Fabric marking pen
  • Twin needle (optional)

Cutting fabric:

For each pillow cut one piece for the front panel and two back pieces from main fabric, one piece of batting and one piece of lining (see the cutting sizes for different size pillows below).

 Pillow form size Cutting sizes*
Main fabric Batting & Lining Ribbon
Standard, 20”x 26” 1 front, 25” x 31”; 2 backs, 25” x 19” 25” x 31” 94”
Euro, 26” x 26” 1 front, 31”x 31”; 2 backs, 31” x 19” 31”x 31” 106”
King, 20” x 36” 1 front, 25”x 41”; 2 backs, 25”x 24” 25”x 41” 114”

 * This allows for ½” seams and 2” flange

Making front panel:

  • Fold panels in the following order: Lining first, then batting, then front panel with face up on the top – aligning all edges.
  • Baste all layers together around the perimeter.

Sewing back panel:

Press under ½” twice on one of 25” long edge (31″ long edge on Euro size) of each back piece.

Machine stitch close to the inner fold.

Assembling the pillow

  • Lay one back piece on one side of the front piece, right sides together, aligning raw edges.
  • Place the other back piece on the other side overlapping the first back piece. Pin in place.

  • Machine stitch the front and back panels together ½” from the edge.
  • Trim the corner seam allowances.

Press the seam open.

Making flange

Turn right side out through the overlap. With closed scissors poke out the corners. Press flat and pin the pieces together around the edges.

Using chalk or fabric marking pen draw a line on front of the pillow sham 2” in from all edges.

Hand baste the ribbon alongside the line removing the holding pins along the way.

To create angles at pillow corners turn the ribbon over to its underside bending over the corner.

When you reach the start of the ribbon fold the end of the ribbon (approx. ¼”) under, overlapping the other end of the ribbon.

Using a twin needle or a zigzag stitch sew the ribbon around the entire sham to create a flange.

Insert a pillow form and enjoy the results!


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